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“An atmosphere of fantasy enwraps this northern land, more intense and apparent than in any other provinces.”

On Arctic Norway fromScandinavia’ by Dore Ogrizek

Protected by undulating, snow-covered mountains, surrounded by icy waters, fjord-safe and imbued with exploration history, Tromso (Tromsø) has a maverick feel to it that gives an exciting edge.

Husky sledge Tromso Norway - image Zoe Dawes

Husky sledge Tromso Norway

Situated 150 miles into Arctic Norway, Tromso is the capital of Finnmark region, named after the Finns or Lapps who have lived in this area for centuries.

Tromso in Norway map

Tromso in Norway map

Ships have shuttled between here and Russia and it was a major centre for polar bear, whale, seal and walrus hunting. In tribute to the many who made their living in this way, there’s a huge statue of a whaler overlooking the spectacular harbour and beautiful bridge.

Tromso in Arctic Norway - sculpture of whaler - image Zoe Dawes

Tromso in Arctic Norway

Given its geographic position, it’s not as cold as you might imagine. The average January temperature is -4°C with plenty of snow to add to its attractiveness. A relatively small town in European terms, with almost 70k inhabitants, it’s one of the largest in this isolated part of the world. Many Polar expeditions set off from here. Famous Norwegian Roald Amundsen left from the town to rescue fellow explorer (and competitor) Umberto Nobile, in a seaplane. Roald didn’t return.

Roald Amundsen Museum in Tromso Norway - image Zoe Dawes

Roald Amundsen

I visited Tromsø¸ in March, joining the Hurtugruten ferry ‘Richard With for a magical voyage along Norway’s impressive coast to Europe’s most northerly point and Kirkenes. I spent an evening and day wandering its pavements, some of which are actually heated to prevent icing. (It was VERY slippy; I tumbled twice so if you go in winter make sure you have boots with a good grip!) Here are 3 things to do in Tromso which give a glimpse inot the challenging life of Arctic Norway.

1. Discover history in the quirky Polar Museum

Polar Museum Tromso Norway - image Zoe Dawes

The Polar Museum

The Polar Museum (Polarmuseet) 0n the harbour front in ‘Old Tromsø’, is housed in the former Customs House, a red-painted wooden building that has survived since 1830. It is crammed full of intriguing exhibits from Polar life and sea-faring adventures, including equipment, itineraries, maps and beautifully illustrated journals.

Journal of Arctic exploration 1962 in Polar Museum Tromso Norway - image Zoe Dawes

Journal of Arctic exploration 1962

I was particularly intrigued to see a very chic fur coat belonging to Wanny Woldstad (1895-1959), the first female trapper to spend the winter in this region – and the town’s first woman taxi-driver. There is plenty about Fridtjof Nansen‘s and Roald Amundsen’s lives and expeditions, including the stuffed dog Amundsen took with him to the South Pole.

Roald Amundsen's dog in Polar Musue,m Tromso, Norway - image Zoe Dawes

Roald Amundsen’s dog

Opposite is the Amundsen Museum and the area has ship-building yards, old warehouses and other historic wooden buildings set higgledy-piggledy around the harbour.

2. Look round seal-hunting vessel M/S Polstjerna

MS Polstjerna and SnowHow Exhibition Tromso - image Zoe Dawes

MS Polstjerna and SnowHow Exhibition

Built in 1949, MS Polstjerna (Polar Star) was a seal-hunting ship and is now preserved in a state-of-the-art glass-covered exhibition space. With light refracting from the surrounding mountains and icy waters it’s easy to imagine this doughty vessel slipping its moorings and setting off down the fjord and into the open sea for one last adventure.

MS Polstjerna Tromso - image visittromso.no

MS Polstjerna – image visittromso.no

3. See the Northern Lights – guaranteed – at Polaria

Next door is Polaria, a great place for all ages to find out more about this unique area of Norway. This striking building represents ice floes that have been pressed up on land by the rough seas of the Arctic ocean.

Polaria in Tromsø - image Copyright : Ola Røe, Røe Foto AS, 9000 Tromsø.

Polaria in Tromso – image Ola Røe

Inside there are Arctic ‘walkways’ where you can learn how the melting ice impacts on both human and animal life life as well as current scientific work. Aquariums are stocked with fish and bearded seals from Spitzbergen. The lengthy darkness of Polar Nights in winter create ideal conditions for viewing the Northern Lights aka Aurora Borealis. (It’s where Joanna Lumley had her emotional sighting.)

NNorthern Lights map Tromso - image Guide Gunnar

Northern Lights map Tromsø – image Guide Gunnar

However, if you’re unlucky, like me, or there at the wrong time of year, then you can get the next best thing by going to the panoramic cinema and watching Northern Lights in Arctic Norway which explains how the aurora is formed, with stunning photography by Ole. C. Salomonsen.

Northern Lights Tromso Norway Ole.CSalomonsen arctic light photo

Northern Lights over Tromsø – image Ole. C. Salomonsen visitnorway.com

In the other film showing here, Svalbard – Arctic Wilderness, a little auk takes viewers on a helicopter flight along the coast of Spitsbergen, the largest island in the group known as Svalbard.

Arctic Cathedral Tromsø

Arctic Cathedral Tromsø

Without doubt, the most uplifting experience I had during the Hurtigruten cruise was the midnight concert at the Arctic Cathedral in Tromso. You can read about it in this article by fellow travel blogger Kathryn Burrington. We stayed in the uber-contemporary Scandic Ishavshotel and from my huge bedroom there was a great view of the old harbour and town.

View from Scandic Ishavshotel Tromso - image Zoe Dawes

View from Scandic Ishavshotel

In 1952 author Dore Ogrizek wrote of Tromsø¸ “The place is alive with a motley crowd, among which may be seen many Lapps in their traditional dress – high boots and square cap rather reminiscent of that worn by Oxford dons.”Scandinavia. You may not see many Lapps in traditional dress today, but it’s definitely alive and the motley crowd consists of tourists as well as locals, all adding to the unique international mix that makes up this special Norwegian town.